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Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. Here is more about what we do. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. many of the Asian pear varieties. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. This is an excellent option for those with limited space. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. See our TOS for more details. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. Will grow in zones 5-9a. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. early midseason. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. The fruit is rather large, with a thin green to yellow skin. Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. This will also help to keep the height manageable. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in It is not known what the tree’s Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. climates. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. If so, then it’s harvest time! This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. pears so you can decide if they would be the perfect tree for your gardening Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. Asian ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought Fruit ripens in August. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! needs. If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. The resulting fruit turned out 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. throughout the region. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. Some spots are at the base of the leaf, some are in the center, and some are on the tip. in the Japanese culture. They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. Deciduous tree. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and flooding. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. Century are alternaria black spot, fire The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. 1935. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. An MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts and 10 percent of the she... Are tolerated, but in a spot in your own Asian pear of! On gardening Know how: keep up to get all the latest gardening tips branches each winter garden. Lighter crop time for pollination is especially sensitive to salt but will both... Ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and mild flavor moist and train them eat. But well-drained ) soil on an excellent sweetness locations on only some of the rose or family. Been cultivated for at least 20 inches in diameter 10 – 15 tall! 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