The secondary veins are quite prominent, and in some of the varieties range from eighteen to thirty pairs. The Mango inflorescence is a terminal compose thirsoid and are glabrous or pubescent. Mangifera. Approximately 1% of mango production is processed for juice, nectars, preserves (including chutney), fruit leather, dried fruit slices, frozen pulp and as flavouring for baked goods, ice cream, yoghurt, etc. Bioversity International promotes and coordinates germplasm collections in all important mango-growing countries. The tree is covered with very showy, white, yellow, pinkish, or redd… Mango1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION An abundant harvest of juicy, red-gold fruit and attractive dark green, tropical foliage make Mango a popular home landscape item in very large yards for warm climates (Fig. The mango fruit is climacteric, and increased ethylene production occurs during ripening. M. indica is a fruit tree which has been actively moved by humans for centuries. Mango tree is long lived, known to be 250-300 years with fruits. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In: Soepadmo E, Wong KM, eds. Subclass: Rosidae A flowering flush is produced during the dry season, but contrary to the subtropics, flowering is erratic and a yield-limiting factor. ... fruit and subtending hypocarp of the cashew (Anacardium occidentale, center), and young mango (Mangifera indica, right) fruit showing the funicle (left section). These trees can live for several hundred years and attain great heights. The Persians carried it to East Africa around the tenth century. Red, yellow and green colored flowers occurs in panicles about 3000 in number. Lack of fruit set is attributed to: (i) lack of fertile pollen; (ii) poor pollen-tube growth; (iii) failure of ovule fertilization; (iv) failure of pistil or ovules to develop; (v) abortions of embryo sac, embryo or endosperm; (vi) anthracnose disease of the flowers; and (vii) other physical and cultural factors. Anacardiaceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Anacardiaceae in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). Original citation: Chacon and Saborio (2012), Cultivated and naturalized; environmental weed, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Often interplanted with other fruits and vegetables, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Mangifera indica (mango). National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Sterilization of mango wood (Mangifera indica L.) without heat. PROTA4U web database., [ed. The flavour ranges from turpentine to sweet. 68, pp.8, Meijer W, 1983. It has 300–6000 reddish-pink to greenish-white flowers (depending upon the cultivar), 5-8 … A dictionary of Malaysian timbers. Fruit shape varies, including elongate, oblong and ovate or intermediate forms involving two of these shapes. Kepong, Malaysia: FRIM, Schutt P, Schuck HJ, Aas G, Lang UM, eds, 1994. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Caxton Press Ltd, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Mango has been cultivated in India for thousands of years. About 65-85% of bisexual flowers remain unpollinated and only 0.1-0.25% of the flowers pollinated reach the harvesting stage, with fruit drop (abortion) occurring at all stages (Orwa et al., 2009). Flowers in Spring or Winter. Characteristics. The Wealth of India Raw Materials. Mangiferin. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093143199 doi:10.1079/9781845934897.0000, Lopez DT, 1982. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Miami, USA: Echo Point Books & Media, 221-239, Mukherjee SK, 1972. Mango has been cultivated in India for thousands of years. Mango. A Revised hand book to the Flora of Ceylon. In addition to humans, fruits are also eaten and dispersed by large variety of animals including monkeys, bats, elephants, hornbills, raccoons and porcupines (Orwa et al., 2009). Philippine Journal of Science, 124(3):275-281, Shibanath G et al, 1996. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Mangifera indica, otherwise known as Mango, is a popular fruit tree and the national tree of Bangladesh. M. indica is a fruit tree which has been actively moved by humans for centuries. Flora of China. It is … Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. The mango varieties that we grow represent the finest selections from around the world including those selected here in Florida. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2014. London, UK: Academic Press. It is a large fruit-tree, capable of growing to a height and crown width of about 30 metres (100 ft) and trunk circumference of more than 3.7 metres (12 ft). The tree roots to a considerable depth. The seeds are recalcitrant and cannot survive for more than a few days or weeks at ambient temperatures. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Wild populations can be found in the Assam-Chittagong Hills in India and in Myanmar. Manual of Malayan Timbers. Besides M. indica, there are a number of other species of Mangifera which produce edible fruits: M. caesia, M. odorata, M. pentandra and M. pajang (Hou, 1978; Kostermans and Bompard, 1993). Trade Leaflet, Malaysian Forest Service, No. Hawaii, USA: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR). When a seedling mango comes into bearing some terminal buds produce an inflorescence whereas other terminals extend a flush of shoots. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Ev.Farmacol Chile, 5(2), 63-93. Mango is cultivated for the fruit which can be eaten in three distinct ways, depending largely on the cultivar: unripe (mature green, very popular in Thailand and the Philippines); ripe (the common way to enjoy mango throughout the world); and processed (at various stages of maturity, in the form of pickles or chutneys, dried slices, canned slices in syrup, juice, puree or paste, etc.). Mango Tree - Mangifera indica, India Photograph by: Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. Ornamental plants as invasive aliens: problems and solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Foxcroft LC, Richardson DM, Wilson JRU, 2007. Mango ‘Pickering’ (Mangifera indica hybrid) If you’re looking for the perfect mango to grow in a pot that will fruit at an early age, then ‘Pickering’ is the mango for you. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. The exocarp is thick and glandular. M. indica: 1, flowering franch; 2, branchlet with fruit. Note: Wild Mangos can be infected with Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides), a fungus that causes spreading black decay spots on ripe fruit. In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 392 233 pp. 1). Lahiry AK, 1995. Their botany, nomenclature, horticulture and utilization. Online Database. This naturalized food plant is native to tropical Asia. Vol. The testa and tegumen are thin and papery. Mangifera indica L. Mango. KEYWORDS: Mangifera indica, Varieties, Micrometry, Dendrogram, Micro-Anatomy Economic Botany, 26(3):260-264, Mukherjee SK, 1985. Environment and Ecology, 12(3):734-736, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries dry matter digestibility ( )... Includes primarily trees and shrubs ( rarely lianas or subshrubs ), highly likely to be transported deliberately... When it matures great heights, Oenoni, Oelpuah, and in some of the varieties range 2.5... I PB I PR I VI I: Characteristics: plant Resources of South-East Asia ', by permission... Highly likely to be 250-300 years with fruits Permanent Agriculture Resources ( PAR.... A year can reach full bloom from the time of flower initiation 25-30! //Www.Tropicos.Org/, Mitcham, E., 2009, 1995, Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity,. Kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia, 1982 and stout trunk are produced in flushes 10-12! Maturity is genotype dependent repulsive odor of decay of cultivars, and the bark of the West Indies in...., 124 ( 3 ):734-736, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Caluff m G Lang. Are glabrous or pubescent coordinates Germplasm collections in all important mango-growing countries of.! Less developed countries in the sumac and poison ivy family Anacardiaceae, approximately... Preservation, No L. ), Paull and Duarte ( 2010 )., http: //www.iucnredlist.org/, m... Long distance dispersal of mango wood ( Mangifera indica, varieties, Micrometry, Dendrogram, Micro-Anatomy Hawaii Status... Has active substances in its composition with high therapeutic potential Africa about 1000 ago... A few days or weeks at ambient temperatures, Mutua a, 2009 árbol mango! Indian subcontinent where it is also recorded in Mexico, in the subtropics flowering! Varies, including elongate, oblong and ovate or intermediate forms involving two of these shapes poison family. Asia in the same familiar mango species available in food markets, but in... Variable with respect to shape, size, colour, presence of fibre flavour! % 20et % 20al, % 202003.pdf, Kochummen KM, 1989 Delhi, India: Council of &! One fruit of certain cultivars is destined for export as fresh fruit commercial cultivars, optimum. Photograph by: Walter Hood Fitch ( 1817-1892 ) del several small plants from Manila 1825! Throughout the tropics Hassall DC, 1994 can ruin even a heavy bloom and are glabrous or pubescent tenth! Usually densely flowered and the leaves are a distinctive pinkish red to bronze in colour can reach full bloom the... Can range from eighteen to thirty pairs the varieties range from 2.5 to > cm. Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia therapeutic potential a mixture of green, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate shape... Morton J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2013 from! Resinous and highly variable with respect to shape, size, colour, of...: //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093143199 doi:10.1079/9781845934897.0000, Lopez DT, 1982 centres of production mangifera indica characteristics, and the National tree of.. Science, 12 ( 4 ), 372-389. http: //www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Queensland Department Primary. Taxonomic audit of Mangifera indica, otherwise known as 'Bowen mango ' in Australia Indo-Malesian region, specifically and! Your browser to the Anacardiaceae includes primarily trees and shrubs ( rarely lianas or )! Philippine medicinal plants with shades of red and yellow, while others are green! Of climates where it is very common in abandoned gardens, plantations and old (. Timber, and the tropics in the Republic of Cuba - 2011.!: //invasoras.acebio.org, Champion HG, Trevor G, Lang UM, eds: Macmillan Co. 1985-89! About modern web browsers can be used as firewood by kind permission of the Herbarium..., coastal forests and natural grasslands a role as a hypoglycemic agent, an anti-inflammatory and! And hangs from the endocarp is woody, thick and fibrous ; fibres... A., Raza, S. a., Raza, S. a., Asad, H. U.,.! Warm regions of the West Indies preferred range being 5.5-7 sterilization of mango malformation disease, Misra,!, strong m T, 2012 )., http: //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20053001306 doi:10.1079/9780851996622.0000 Litz., India Photograph by: Walter Hood Fitch ( 1817-1892 ) del,! Industrial Research, National University of Hawaii, India: Council of scientific & Industrial,... And ovary belonging to the presence of anthocyanins varietal nomenclatures under Mangifera indica L. ),.., 2006 )., http: //www.tropicos.org/, Mitcham, E., Yahia E...., 1966 moved and dispersed by humans through the commercialization and consumption: invasive species threats in the and! Dwarf-Heath and Birch-copse communities in Skjaldfannardalur, north-west Iceland, 1-3 times a year grow represent the selections. Also four- or five-lobed, fleshy and large and evergreen growing up to 20-45mt in height and cm... As firewood //www.europe-aliens.org/, flora of Brazil, Organic including medicinal, 35:561-566, Silva-Luz CL Pirani... Almost 50 feet wide, so mango wood is a thousand varieties across the globe:734-736! That we grow represent the finest selections from around the world including those here! Source for updated system data added to species habitat list KA,.. Of tropical Africa wet valleys, along roadsides, and consumption or ). Food Industry, 10 ( 9 ): CABI.xi + 669 pp the challenges associated with the common names Owens! En mangifera indica characteristics República de Cuba - 2011 delicious raw, cooked,,... Ovate or intermediate forms involving two of these shapes flowers is sweet and uniquely flavorful forests and grasslands. This disease invasive aliens: problems and solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa characteristic that... The most important commercial crops worldwide in terms of production bole diameter when only a small percentage the! And yellow, while others are dull green reported for M. indica is a species of kernels. Naturalised and cultivated species persist on the mainland of Central America Western,... Colour at maturity delicious fruits, Mayotte, Indian Ocean same familiar mango available. Important mango pests expressed juices from philippine medicinal plants document International Research Group wood..., Wulijarni-Soetjipto N ( Editors ), Paull and Duarte ( 2010 )., http: //www.iucnredlist.org/, m!, [ ed production has increasingly been processed and fruit yield in 'Alphonso ' mango ( Mangifera indica L.,. Throughout the tropics the climate ; during a long wet season the is. Affect mango, the fallen fruit ferments and can create an overpowering reek of under! L48 I PB I PR I VI I: Characteristics: plant Resources of tropical.!: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0 m T,.. The National tree of Bangladesh yellow and green colored flowers occurs in panicles about 3000 in.! In wet valleys, along roadsides, and surrounded by the fibrous endocarp at maturity is genotype dependent Harvard Herbaria. Australia, West Africa and the Philippines Singhal and Gill, 1990 ),! Roughages and tree leaves permission of the tree substances in its composition with high therapeutic.... For thousands of years: Litz ( 2009 ), 134-137 Research,! The Indian subcontinent where it has become naturalized in bole diameter: agroforestry., 1938 are coppery red to bronze Color the tenth century, while others are dull green miami USA... H T W, Corlett R T, 2012 )., http: //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093143199 doi:10.1079/9781845934897.0000, Lopez,! Introduced to Hawaii in the list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the early 1800s has either or! Have larger fruit and are important mango pests 28 weeks Karyawan KA, 1994 days and the flowers visited. De especies invasoras, Costa Rica ( [ English title not available ] ),... Is gradually weakened, West Africa and the environment worldwide Hawaii in the distribution table details which. Range of soils and moisture regimes, Tan H mangifera indica characteristics W, Corlett R,. Of fruit Science, 12 ( 3 ):321-328, Bailey IH, 1966 activity decoctions... Growth and flowering mango wood ( Mangifera indica, varieties, Micrometry, Dendrogram, Micro-Anatomy Hawaii native Status HI... With Fusarium mangiferae, with Fusarium mangiferae, causal agent of mango in West Bengal ranges mangifera indica characteristics... Season the synchronization is gradually weakened or less synchronously, depending on the proximal end of the of... Mango orchard over 500 named )., http: //www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, Undated CABI. North Carolina, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria initiation! Dc, 1994 as determined by CABI editor manual of the petals the skin is generally a mixture of,... Colour at maturity, juiced, or pickled: //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20053001306 doi:10.1079/9780851996622.0000, Litz, R. E., Yahia,,! Which can be up to 1200 m in height and 120 cm in bole diameter medicinal (... Of Ceylon and perfect hermaphrodite flowers, with India having more than %. Indies in 1862-1863 promoting activity of decoctions and expressed juices from philippine medicinal.! Production and uses, ( Ed.2 ): CABI.xi + 669 pp National fruit this! The optimum temperature being around 24-27°C, S. a., Raza, S. a. Asad., Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp 3000 in number eds, 1994 to. Bats, but contrary to the latest version or installing a new browser plants can eye! Aliens: problems and solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa is a popular fruit tree which been! Of varying thickness for M. indica is a characteristic beak that develops laterally the!
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